Home to the Niquag Native Americans, Rutland was first settled by colonists in 1686, before being incorporated into Worcester County in 1713. The geographic center of Massachusetts (you can visit the marked spot), Rutland has a long history including holding Union prison camps during the civil war, and being known as early as the 1880s for exceptionally clean air, to the point that Rutland became a popular health resort destination that lasted for nearly a century. Residents today can take advantage of air that is still fresh by enjoying the Mass Central Rail Trail, old tracks which are being converted into walking and biking trails spanning the distance of the old Central Rail line.
Rutland is bordered by Princeton, Holden, Paxton, Oakham, Barre, and Hubbardston. Rutland has a population of about 7,900 in a 36.4 square mile area. Rutland can be accessed by Rt 122A and Rt. 68. Rutland is 13 miles from Worcester and 52 miles from Boston.